Major components making up a Solar Power System

These days, when traditional energy sources are becoming increasingly exhausted, the power produced to supply the market is insufficient to fulfill people’s growing electrical demand. As a result, the renewable energy sector is being studied, explored, and implemented. Solar energy systems have been utilized and developed in various nations across the world in recent years. This energy source’s initial phase is to provide people with significant benefits. So do you know the structural operation of solar power yet? Let’s find out through the article below.


To better understand the principle of operation of solar power we must know its structure. Each component has a distinct and important function. All of this adds up to the most efficient solar power system possible. As a result, the solar power producing bridge consists of some main following parts:

  • Solar panel 
  • Charge controller
  • Inverter
  • Battery

Solar panel

Also known as a photovoltaic cell array, it is made up of photovoltaic batteries connected in series and parallel. A solar panel is a critical component and the most visible element of the solar energy system. If the whole system is considered as a “body”, then it is the “face” of solar.  Photovoltaic systems, thanks to the flexibility of modular solar arrays, may accommodate a broad range of designs and electrical requirements, regardless of the size of the installation area.

Solar panel is in charge of gathering and converting sunlight into power. Then supply power to the whole system to operate.

Charge controller

The charge controller controls the voltage and current generated by a solar array so that the battery or bank of batteries may be charged appropriately. Solar panels usually create different amounts of power depending on how much light (photons) they are exposed to. Therefore, the batteries might be overcharged and damaged if the photovoltaic system did not have a charge controller.

In short, the responsibility of the battery charge controller is to ensure that a consistent amount of electrical power is transferred to the batteries so that they are not over charged, and to stop overcharging as well as prevent the solar panel from pulling power from the battery at night. Additionally, this component helps to assist the battery and the system in performing better and lasting longer. 


If the solar panel is the “face”, then the solar power inverter is the key part of any solar photovoltaic system. This device is responsible for converting the DC power of the solar cell to AC power. This is important since your household appliances require AC electricity to operate.

Throughout the life of a Photovoltaic System, the inverter is a hardworking piece of equipment that never stops functioning. For this reason, we will always advise you to select a high-quality inverter that is easily serviceable.


The energy generated by a solar array is stored in batteries. Normally, midday is the time that the greatest electricity is generated; batteries then have a function of storing that energy created if it is not used immediately, so that they may be used at night when the system is not producing electricity. Battery technology is rapidly evolving into a more viable choice for individuals who utilize their energy mostly at night. Any excess electricity generated after the batteries have been charged can be transmitted back to the power grid in a grid-hybrid system.


The design of a photovoltaic system can vary depending on the quantity of electricity required for the particular application. The number of panels required as well as how the storage and the system are connected to the grid is determined by the nominal and peak power requirements. A solar power system may also contain other critical components, such as the mounting structure, utility meter, and electric grid, among others.

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